Atlas of Gastroenterological Endoscopy
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Staging of colon cancer, see table stages of carcinomas .
Mucosectomy Criteria of Hermanek
mucosectomy Mucosectomy in a 88 year- old, female high-risk patient. The dark appearing submucosa is endoscopically and histologically free of malignant tissue. Histology defines a stage T1-tumor. As long as the criteria of Hermanek are met endoscopic therapy of T1-tumors is reasonable.
  • T1 stage, G1, maximally G2
  • lesion resected with edges free of malignant cells
  • no lymphatic or blood- vessel infiltrates
  • close endoscopic follow-up